Automatic sorting machine – Mechatronics Student Project

This machine was created as a student project for the subject Construction & CAD, at the Mechanical Engineering faculty in Skopje, by a team of five students.
It is a machine that is sorting two types of plates. One of the plates have holes and the other ones don’t have. Our task was to develop a machine that will sort out these plates automatically. We have came out with this solution, which actually won the first place out of 25 other machines.

RECOMMENDED The 8 Best Arduino Starter Kits For Beginners in 2019

How It Works


This is how the Automatic Sorting Machine works:

  • The plates are fed into the machine by hand.
  • The roller aligns the plates to fall in the plate magazine one by one.
  • When the plate reach the bottom of the sorter, it triggers a micro switch.
  • When the switch is on, the LED turns ON.
  • If the plate has a hole the Photocell will receive more light and the motor will rotate to one side.
  • If the plate doesn’t have a hole the Photocell will receive less light and the motor will rotate to the other side.

Circuit Schematic


The machine uses PIC16F628A micro-controller and it is programmed using MikroElektronika.

Source Code


/********************************************************************************/
/* Mechatronic Design Team */
/* Proekt po Konstruiranje i CAD */
/* "Dizajn i razvoj na nov ured za razdeluvanje na dva tipa plocki" */
/* */
/* */
/* */
/* Mikrokontroler: PIC16F628A */
/* Oscilator: Interen na 4MHz */
/* */
/* Dekemvri, 2012, Skopje */
/********************************************************************************/
void left () {

RB2_bit = 1; //motorot pocnuva da se dvizi na levo
delay_ms (500); // motorot se dvizi do krajna leva polozba
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
PORTB = 0x00; //koga ke stigne do krajnata leva polozba se gasi
delay_ms (200); //vreme za kocenje na motorot
RB3_bit = 1; //se aktivira relejot za promena na nasokata
delay_ms (20);
RB2_bit = 1; //motorot pocnuva da se dvizi desno
delay_ms (500); //sredna pozicija na motorot
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
PORTB = 0x00; //motorot se gasi koga ke dojde do sredina
delay_ms (150); //vreme za kocenje na motorot
}

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

void right () {
RB3_bit = 1; //Se uklucuva relejot za promena na nasoka na motorot
delay_ms (30);
RB2_bit = 1; //motorot pocnuva da se dvizi desno
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500); //motorot se dvizi do krajna desna polozba
PORTB = 0x00; //koga ke stigne do krajna desna polozba se gasi
delay_ms (200); //vreme za kocenje na motorot
RB2_bit = 1; //motorot pocnuva da se dvizi levo
delay_ms (500); //sredna pozicija na motorot
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500);
delay_ms (500); //sredna pozicija na motorot
PORTB = 0x00; //motorot se gasi koga ke dojde do sredina
delay_ms (150); //vreme za kocenje na motorot
}

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

void main() { //pocetok na glavna programa
TRISB = 0x00; //PORTB Izlezi
TRISA = 0xff; //PORTA Vlezovi
CMCON = 0x07; //gasenje na komparatori
do {
delay_ms (50);
PORTB = 0x00;
if (PORTA.b0==1) { //dali ima kocka?
delay_ms (100);
if (PORTA.b1==0) { //dali ima otvor?
left (); } //ako ima otvor dvizi se levo
else (right ()); }} //ako nema dvizi se desno
while (1); }

3 Responses

  1. Frank

    this is missing a camera and opencv! good job tho ! this is your typical industry setup just much bigger.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

RECOMMENDED

Best Entry Level Oscilloscopes for Beginners and Hobbyists 2019

THE BEST OSCILLOSCOPES FOR BEGINNERS AND HOBBYISTS

RECOMMENDED

The 8 Best Arduino Starter Kits For Beginners in 2019

THE 8 BEST ARDUINO STARTER KITS FOR BEGINNERS

RECOMMENDED

Best 3D Printers for Beginners and Hobbyists - 3D Printing

BEST 3D PRINTERS FOR BEGINNERS AND HOBBYISTS